Final years of Black Freedom 1930 to 1936

Final years of Black Freedom 1930 to 1936, and here central government is given credit to solving the ‘poor white’ problem, what is reported here, does not fully understand the motivation of the demise of the blacks, or why the central government found it in their interest to switch the poor white, with the African Farmers. Kaalvoet explains his theory below;

Final years of Black Freedom 1930 to 1936  

*It was only in the 1930s, as Afrikaner nationalist politicians under the leadership of D.F. Malan sought to mobilize political support along ethnic lines through the building of new class alliances, that the central government took steps to solve the poor white problem in the rural northern Transvaal.

*In the early 1930s, when depression and drought threatened to overwhelm the farming sector, the government supplied white farmers with cattle feed and financial aid. Similar aid was not extended to African farmers whose ability to market their grain crops was severely impaired by the high mortality amongst draught oxen and donkeys. Most importantly, large-scale government-sponsored land settlement schemes were introduced to relieve the pressure on the overgrazed northern cattle farms.

*But the settlement of poor whites on over 36,000 morgen of irrigable land, particularly along the upper Levubu, required the removal of thousands of African tenant farmers. At the same time tenancy relations started to turn against African squatters as the price of land climbed, from an average of 27s per morgen in 1918 to 34s in 1933 with the government paying as much as 180s for irrigable land on the upper Levubu. As the price of land rose, white farmers decreased the amount of land available to tenants and limited their rights to graze livestock.

*The transformation in the 1930s of a large part of the African peasantry into a landless proletariat was movingly captured by a mission-supported African newspaper published in the Spelonken whose editors remarked in 1932:

*We are gradually being dispossessed of the land which we and our ancestors, from time immemorial, occupied. Daily we see big parties emigrating from their old homes (because the farmer has bought the farms and requires them to work) to places they might live in security and with freedom. But alas! such a place is nowhere! They may perhaps go to the locations but they will experience in the course of time that they are in no better position as the locations are congested and barren of vegetation.

*******

Kaalvoet Theory on the Global Market;

What we see as the global market today, finally took control of the South African market during the period 1930 to 1936.

The origins of what Kaalvoet refers to as the Global Market, alternatively the “Importers and Exporters”, are the wealthy families of the Western Capitalist World.

During the early 15th Century, the world wealth, was dominated by the Asian / Muslim groups, off the Spice trade into Europe, they linked the mineral and animal products and wealth of Africa.

The Age of Discovery was born, the Western Capitalist World, under the banner of Christianity, the ventured to fond access into this wealth, by rounding the Cape, discovering the New World, the Caribbean and Americas in the process.

These investors, importers / exporters, the Dutch East Indies Company, English East Indies Company, accessed the Spice Trade, Silk Trade, and as the New World was developed, these importers / exporters, developed a very lucrative business model, their ships moving Slaves from Africa on one leg of the triangle, then Agricultural Products from the New World, to Europe on the second leg, and then building material and equipment on the third leg of the triangle, from Europe to Africa.

Spice, Silk, Cocaine, Slaves, Ivory, Sugar, Tobacco, Coco-Cola, Cotton, Gold, Diamonds, brought these investors, importers / exporters great wealth, wealth that still resides with them today, plus the control of the production and distribution, of virtually all our consumption requirements.

During the 1870s, land in the Transvaal and OFS, had not been surveyed and then, following the Discovery of Diamonds and Gold, during the 1880s these importers / exporters purchased large tracts of land in these Boer Republics, and they became the wealthy #LandOwners, extracting wealth through rental and sharecropping, or as was commonly referred to as “Kaffir Farming”.

What brought the  Final years of Black Freedom 1930 to 1936, quite simply, the depression, triggered by the collapse of Wall Street, October 1929, which caused the collapse of the New World Agricultural sector, unable to continue the supply of Agricultural Products on the second leg of the Triangle to Europe.

The Importers and Exporters, the Global market, already owned the agricultural land in the Transvaal and OFS, and switched their supply chain for Europe to South Africa.

Agriculture in the USA was mechanised in order that the need to Negro labour was totally excluded, so the importers / exporters already had a biased against the black, added to this, they could not trust the black to produce their business needs, if they did succeed, they would be inclined to sell their crop for a ‘hand full of beads’, or, if they did earn money, they would go and sit under a tree, drinking beer till they were hungry again,

From the back point of view, what now takes place is described above, I repeat:

 *In the early 1930s, when depression and drought threatened to overwhelm the farming sector, the government supplied white farmers with cattle feed and financial aid. Similar aid was not extended to African farmers whose ability to market their grain crops was severely impaired by the high mortality amongst draught oxen and donkeys. Most importantly, large-scale government-sponsored land settlement schemes were introduced to relieve the pressure on the overgrazed northern cattle farms. 

What takes place between 1930 to 1936, is a business model where the importers / exporters are selling off portions of land, without the mineral rights, to young Afrikaners under ‘contract’, funded by the new banking system that bring with it the bond system, compound interest system, financing their equipment, seed, fertiliser, and teaching them to farm.

Kaalvoet Comment on Black Farmer failure since 1994:

Sixty years earlier, black farmers controlled the food chain for the majority of our population, since 1994, it is accepted that the majority of emerging farmers have not been successful.

Why did the Boer, established during 1930 to 1936 succeed? 

The Importer / Exporter, required them for their business interests and for this reason, the ‘contract’ that was entered into with the young Afrikaner farmer, included the importer / exporter purchasing all the crops produced by the Afrikaner farmer, already controlling the railways, the ports, they established ‘co-operative facilities’ in the farming areas, purchased all the produce, exported to best quality, sold the 2nd grade to South African whites, and the lower grades were sold / fed to the blacks.

This ensured the success of the emerging young Afrikaner farmers, a system that should have been introduced to our black emerging farmers in 1994.

Kaalvoet attributes the removal of blacks from their farms, to the importer / exporter, and not the Government, why?

As South Africa’s industry and mining started to develop, slave labour was needed to produce, but more importantly, the importers / exporters, having invested in the young Afrikaner farmer, needed to remove the competition by the black farmer who till 1930, had controlled the cereal market, and ensure profits.

This is what has taken place in Townships and Rural areas as the Global Market has invaded the ‘black economy’.

South Africa’s young Afrikaner farmers success causes the development of the Corn Flake as our must have breakfast: 

As the world slowly recovers from the depression, America agriculture recovers, with South Africa producing maize, the importers ‘ exporters need to find a market for corn, and although WWII takes its toll, the woman entering the workforce, brings opportunity.

After vitamins were discovered, it did not take long before, in the 1940s, breakfast cereals were fortified and heralded as a source of every vitamin under the sun, making breakfast that much more important, according to advertisements at the time.

The cliche that breakfast is the most important meal developed from those early days of cereal.

It was also around that time that women were entering the workforce in droves during the war, and needed something quick yet nutritious to feed the kids in the morning. Maternal guilt was used to market cereal as the best food to give to children, and underline the importance of eating breakfast.

As we enter the 1950s, so the importer / exporter, the global market, controls everything think we eat or drink, all in the interests of their profit.

Kaalvoet has a theory that land reform, is impossible in Africa, but you will need to comment and ask for information, should you wish the theory, before the Reflections on South Africa history gets there.

Cedric de la Harpe

Consider the Verdict 

Soweto Walking Tours

Soweto Tour

Home

 

'If you liked this post, say thanks by sharing it:'