Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom

Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom, our most popular visit is now two years old, we no longer frighten the visitor with 8 to 9 km walks, we now sell the 5 km must do visit on foot, which on a normal days visit, commencing in Soweto at 09:00, should be covered by 12:30, to 13:30 for lunch at the Nancefield Hostel, following which, we will catch a shared taxi to complete the day.

Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom

THE ALTERNATIVE HISTORY:

Cedric has researched South Africa’s alternative history, and is one of the only white people in the world, that does not celebrate Nelson Mandela as his icon, the icon that has freed the African from oppression.

Cedric is of the opinion that Economic Segregation is the prime evil, and had it not been for him, as part of the English Coloniser, the African would be the wealth group of South Africa today, the Townships would not exist, and black poverty would not exist.

Therefore he is unable to sell the Mandela Icon history that the international visitor worships, he only sells the desire of the African poverty groups, to be respected as a human, to have white people walk their streets, bringing dignity to the African poverty groups, which will contribute to a move towards economic freedom.

South Africa’s Alternative History, our hidden history, starts in the 1950s. when children become self-politicised, until then, the struggle was in the hands of the academics, who were educated buy the oppressor, who worked for the oppressor, the self-politicised children, who start to fight for their dignity and freedom, fight for their land, disturbs the oppressor.

On of the 1950s children, John Mahapa, now 80 years-old, moves from boy-scout to freedom fighter,  and soon the entire Orlando High School is politicised, John is first sentenced to 3 years as a twenty year-old, and then to 7 years on Robben Island, when only twenty-three years old, those visitors who wish to visit with John, need to make advance booking, and will cost you R 50 per person, (groups of over ten negotiable),

ACCEPTED HISTORY  

However, the International Visitor has paid money to pay respects to the ACCEPTED HISTORY that freed the African, so, provided you have walked the Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom,  which may not bring economic freedom to the African, but will restore the dignity, that the whites removed from the African, we do make provision for the visitor to experience the ACCEPTED  HISTORY, after lunch;

The Taste of Africa Soweto walking tour a short walk to freedom, covers four very distinct, but very different communities, Orlando East, Numzamo Park, Holimisa Settlement, and the Nancefield Hostel, these areas specifically selected as we bring dignity to a diverse group of people.

The lunch experience  at Nancefield Hostel, is one where Cedric believes gets you as close to Africa, as you can ever get to Africa, and even if we do not stop for lunch, a short stop and refreshment allows us to reflect on our experience, and give consideration to what we have contributed.

Lunch is not compulsory, and provided two days notice is given, vegetarian will be available.

Soweto Walking Tour Nancefield Hostel the closest your will get to Africa
Soweto Walking Tour Nancefield Hostel the closest your will get to Africa

RATES:  TRANSFER AND GUIDING, EXCLUDING LUNCH, LOCAL TRANSPORT,  AND MUSEUMS:

For transfer purposes, our prices are quoted ex Melville, our home base:

2019 rate: 

R 650 per person,  ex Melville base.   (single supplement of R250)

Note:    Our 2019 price, ex-Melville remains valid for all bookings till November 30, 2019. 

We encourage our visitors, who have their own transport, to use the self-drive option, here the guide, on appointment, will meet you at a BP Service Station, 500m off the N1 Highway, and take you to Orlando East, where you will safely park your car, and proceed with the regular visit.

Soweto Walking Tour Self Transfer Option;

Self drive option, R 450 per person,  (single supplement of R 150).

BP Service Station, Taste of Africa’s meeting point, by arrangement only.

Should the visitor reside in Melville, or other areas accessible to the Rea Vaya bus route,  Taste of Africa will assist with directions.

For rates outside of this standard options. please enquire from Taste of Africa.

Excluded is Meals for you and your guide, approx R50 pp,  plus museum fees.

Cedric’s latest challenge:

For 15 years Cedric and Nettie have developed the unique visit to Soweto and other parts of South Africa,  our latest challenge is to give the visitor the opportunity to absorb the surroundings, decide on the direction that we should walk, ask the Cedric and the guides questions, ask the community questions, invite themselves onto a locals property, into their homes, and off this basis, the visitor will achieve their maximum experience, while community interaction is taken to a new level.

Cedric will discuss this option with the visitors, and develop a mutual structure for the visit.

 

 

Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom

The 4 areas that are covered in the walk, are 4 very different development areas, are they four different levels of poverty, you decide.

Walk A:  2 km

We start our walk  in Orlando East, officially the oldest Township on Soweto, dating back to 1932, home to South Africa’s political history, both the Accepted History, and the Alternative History.

Walk A, Orlando East 2 km
Walk A, Orlando East 2 km

Walk B:  1 km

We exit Orlando East, the Orlando Towers to our left, we cross one of the typical open spaces, and then walk through Numzamo Park, the only housing development that has taken place on the 1980s informal settlement.

Walk B Numzamo Park
Walk B Numzamo Park
Link between Numzamo and Holimiso
Link between Numzamo and Holimiso

Walk C:  1 km

Holomisa Settlement, established in the mid 1980s, allows us to have an insight into life on the other side of the track.

Walk C Holomisa Settlement
Walk C Holomisa Settlement
800m link between Holomisa and Nancefield
800m link between Holomisa and Nancefield

Walk D:  300m

Nancefield Hostel

Walkthrough Nancefield Hostel
Walkthrough Nancefield Hostel

NANCEFIELD HOSTEL, 1950S TO PRESENT,   –       

The Nancefield Hostel, one of eleven such hostels built in the 1950s, to accommodate migrant male workers in the Johannesburg area.

There was one female hostel, situated between Orlando West and Meadowlands.

Prior to 1994, 3 000 males were accommodated in this Hostel, that stretches on both sides of the road. Today, family groups are accommodated, and we believe the occupants total 13 000.

From 1988 to 1992, the hostels were used by the system, to destabilise the local community, Zulu’s of the IFP group, attacked non-Zulus in the area. This was all part of the black-on-black violence, which some would claim was backed by the National Party, and targeted the youth of the PAC and other Black Consciousness groups.

Today, many non-Zulu’s would still keep away from the hostels.

Very few Zulus in the Hostel area, are able to speak English, part of the Colonisers suppression. I believe the English, used Welsh speaking people, to learn the Zulu language, and off that basis, the employers language skills were developed. In Kwa-Zulu Natal, all Employers, White and Indian, speak a form of Zulu, restricting the rural Zulu from needing to speak English.

We approach the eating area, through the Hostel accommodation area, where we will pay our respects to the ‘Indunas’. the traditional leaders of a Zulu community, David, our young guide has lived in the Hostel for most of his life.

The hostel conditions are in terrible condition, the occupants wanting the family units upgraded, and the Government, has intention to upgrade, but the end product, particularly in relation to cost, is far from reaching consensus.

Now time for rest and relaxation, where the visitor and the guide can interact with one another and the Mutwa Butchery patrons:

Muthwa Butchery:

Muthwa runs a very successful business, feeding hundreds per day, behind the stoves you will find a selection of cooked meat, from head meat to the innards, heart, liver, kidney, and pieces that I have never been exposed to.

In the shop, they will have a beef stew, sometimes chicken, served with pap, (their traditional porridge) and you can but a tomato and onion relish on the side.

A recent introduction to the menu is grilled chicken, and Cedric believe that it is one of the best in the area, often taking chicken home for our evening meal.

We love to buy meat to braai, they sell various cuts to beef, including heart, liver, and sausage/wors, that you can braai yourself, Cedric however prefers to use the staff member tasked with assisting in the braaing, but be careful when using the staff member, you still need to ensure your meat in not overcooked.

Buy your meat with a small helping of pap, R 10, and tomato relish. Your meal seldom costs more than R 35 to  R55 per plate.

Beers are available to buy, and an enjoyable few hours can be yours.

Nancefield Hostel Cedric favourites lunch venue
Nancefield Hostel Cedric favourites lunch venue

Comfort Information:

This is Africa, and they cater for groups of people, eating from one communal plate, using your fingers. Should you have an issue, please ask the shop for a spoon.

Between the kitchen area, and the eating area, there is a sink, where you can wash your hands.

When you have cooked your meat, there will be a knife around, attached to an anchor of sorts, where you cut the meat into chunk size portions, Cedric would ask the braai assistant to please cut his meat, his hands are too soft to do so without a fork available.

The salt will be in a plastic bottle, also anchored, so pour a little into your hand, and set on a corner of the meat plate. When washing your hands, if you require a cloth, please ask one of the ladies working there.

This is your closest that you will get to Africa, while in South Africa.

Soweto Walking Tour Nancefield Hostel the closest your will get to Africa
Soweto Walking Tour Nancefield Hostel the closest your will get to Africa.

ORLANDO EAST

One of the most damaging pieces of legislation passed in South Africa was the 1913 Native Land Actthe greatest separation between the South African black and whites, or as Cedric will say today, the African and the non-African.

The Native Urban Areas Act, 1923 required Urban authorities to accommodate all black people that worked in their area, in Temporary accommodation. In 1928 the Johannesburg City Council established the Non European Affairs Department, (N.E.A.D.) and the Orlando East Township was their first project.

The small red brick houses that are seen in Orlando East are typical of the 3500 houses built between 1932 and 1934. It was only recently that I took notice of the different building materials used during this process. We have the red brick that is synonymous with the perception of the local whites when describing this development, yet closer scrutiny shows that they used the red brick, a slightly yellow/red brick, we also have two grades of cinder bricks and then the large cement block. The original houses consisted of two roomed houses, three roomed houses, and a number of them are semi-detached. When first built, the house only had one front door and the second doors were only added later. The enclosed porch that you see on that small ‘red brick’ house was first permitted in the 1950’s, subject to motivation and approval by the council.

As a South African, I could not believe, just how much development, had taken place in Soweto. My perception still had all houses in Soweto, as rows of these little red brick houses. I do not think that many white South Africans, would ever give credit to just how many of these houses have been developed. Not only developed, but developed on properties that they only rented, without having title deeds to these properties. They used their own money, and did not have access to loan finance, through the financial systems. I think they still find it difficult, to obtain financial assistance today. Where extensions take place, they build little by little, taking years to complete, living in the original house, and often the original house, remains fairly intact, in the inside of the completed house.

Us whites, were forever boasting, about what we achieved, during the years of ‘isolation’, the period when we had restricted sport contact, performing arts contact, and had to buy oil through the back-door, what an achievement. But look at the Sowetan community, just look at what they have achieved, while in isolation, and they are still in isolation.

Rathebe Street, off Mooki Street:

This setting is magic, the red-brick houses with shacks of various shapes and sizes, different materials, the odd bit of colour.

An Original Match-Box House with a typically neat garden.

Just walking up and down the streets of Orlando will give you an experience that you will never forget.

By now you would have discovered that the community do not mind you taking photos,often calling out ‘shoot me’ to encourage a photo, it is because you are walking the streets and become part of the community that they welcome your presence. I do not suggest that you request permission, but always greet and interact with the Africans, should you see that some-one is reluctant, wave an apology, and back-off.

Always be prepared to show the locals the photo that you have taken, if you have a digital camera. Not only do the enjoy seeing the photo, but the children love the close contact with our guests. They will touch you and feel you.

While we are on that subject, I do not encourage our guests giving to children, or for that matter, adult beggars. Rather buy some fruit; or other items from hawkers.

If you feel obliged to give to the children, or the many adult beer drinkers, who will be pressing you for a few rand, it only makes it more difficult, for the guests who follow to get close to the community. The beggars start to shield you from interaction with the magic.

As you walk past one of the properties in Orlando East, the small two roomed red brick house, is often surrounded by eight to thirteen tin shacks, with hardly a passage to move through. Do not be afraid to accept an invitation to stop and talk to one of the communities.

Thirteen, maybe fifteen families, on a piece of ground, 15m X 20m, the original two-roomed house, not changed in 70 years, accept for the porch that was enclosed in the 1950s, and accommodates a sub-tenant, and the thirteen shacks of various shapes and sizes, that are build around the perimeter fences of the property.

In the far left corner of the property, no grass here, just the very red soil, is the one outside toilet, with the only source of water, the one water tap feeding off the toilet system.

The occasions, when a few quarts of beer are being consumed, by young men, and sometimes the older woman, sitting in the early morning sun, maybe playing drafts, or just chatting; is a magic experience for the visitors.

Always a friendly welcome for all, interaction between the groups, smiles, and confusion, as they all jockey for the opportunity, to have a few words with the visitors.

What is not obvious to the visitor, during this brief excitement, is just how structured life on these properties is. With thirteen families, and possibly 40 people moving in and out the commune, the toilet hygiene, and use of the washing facility, washing lines, and such, all needs to be shared and strictly controlled. Add to this the fact that there are five different language groups / indigenous groups, living in this commune; this commune; is an example to the rest of the world, on how to live in harmony. 

The little children, moving around the property, seem to belong to the community, and it is difficult to distinguish, the mother child relationships.

Soweto Tour, our favourite hardware store
Soweto Tour, our favourite hardware store

When we first visited in Soweto, July 2004, we were  impressed with the cleanliness, of the streets and the properties. Most of the side-walks are swept and so neat, and many of these gardens are so nice. To this cleanliness we can add the attention, that they people give to their clothes and selves.

If I was a first-time visitor to Soweto, with no guide, to pull me around Soweto, as I entered Rathebe Street, off Mooki Street, I would just cool here for some time. Walk slowly, stop at the hardware store; sit down next to a local, just talk, and become part of the magic.

Cedric’s 2005 shebeen theatre is worth a read, it will give you an insight into Sofasonke and his people:

Soweto tour, visit with the respected leader, James Sofasonke Manzi's history.
Soweto tour, visit with the respected leader, James Sofasonke Mpanza’s history.
Soweto tour, typical Orlando East and many young children
Soweto tour, typical Orlando East and many young children

Covered in more detail in Passport to Soweto, is Nelson Mandela’s links to Orlando East, and the Mbube Mdingi post, is worth a read;

Follow Soweto’s history, from the early origins through to 1976.

This Orlando East Township can take a few hours, all magic.

Soweto Walking Tour, informal development.
Soweto Walking Tour, informal development.
Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom
Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom

ACCEPTED HISTORY

Apartheid Museum, NOTE THIS MUSEUM IS NOT IN SOWETO

Cedric does not include Apartheid Museum, as he does not support the concept that  ‘Apartheid is Dead’, and the Museum gives the impression that Apartheid is dead, so he would prefer you to spend more time in Soweto, however, if you wish to visit the Apartheid Museum, provided we are given advance notice, we will either speed up, or skip a small section, and the Guide will host you to the Apartheid Museum, using local shared taxi, (or Cedric if available will transfer) and the visitor will use a taxi  back home.

Cedric was born in 1947, lived through Apartheid, and if he is hosting the tour personally, you will hear more about segregation than you will ever learn from the visit to the Apartheid Museum, Cedric talks Economic Segregation, as the prime evil.

AFTER THE LUNCH INTERVAL:

(Note, you can use local taxi to Orlando West, which will cut Dube out)

We leave our ‘Africa’ visit behind,  13:00, head for Orlando West, Hector Pietersen Museum, via Dube, 2,70 km.

We take a cross-country walk through a Community Vegetable Development garden, and depending on the season and weather conditions, the experience changes, always of interest.

Dube, the first ‘upmarket housing development’ where families with financial means, forcibly removed from Johannesburg, entered into a 99 year-lease agreement for a property, and subject to strict control clauses, were allowed to build their own homes.

Many of these homes, are typical of the suburban homes built during the 1950s and 1960s.

Soweto Walking Tour Dube the 1980s tourist route,
Soweto Walking Tour Dube the 1980s tourist route,

In the 1980s. Dube was the tourist area, where the tourism industry drove international visitors through the upmarket homes, to show off the achievements of the Sowetans.

Soweto Walking Tour Dube the 1980s tourist route,
Soweto Walking Tour Dube the 1980s tourist route,

At this stage, we have arrived a Hector Pietersen Museum, 13:45, and for those Visitors that wish to visit the Apartheid Museum, the time has come to decide on how much time to spend on the Tourist Route, Taste of Africa, using local taxi will move you to Apartheid Museum, and you will need to use Uber to return to your accommodation.

As we approach Orlando West, we cross a hillock, or if you prefer a small mountain, where virtually your days traverse can be viewed, and a view point where great photo’s can be taken.

Soweto Walking Tour Orlando Towers
Soweto Walking Tour Orlando Towers
Soweto Walking Tour, the settlement visited in the morning
Soweto Walking Tour, the settlement visited in the morning
Soweto Walking Tour
Soweto Walking Tour

HECTOR PIETERSON MUSEUM – 

Soweto tour, Hector Pieterson museum
Soweto tour, Hector Pieterson museum

ORLANDO WEST, VILIKAZI STREET  MANDELA MUSEUM 

Soweto tour, outside Mandela museum a few years back
Soweto tour, outside Mandela museum a few years back

EXTRA WALK:

Soweto Walking Tour a short walk to freedom continues;

Depending on your time available, Taste of Africa will collect you in Orlando West, but for greater impact on you, following your Dube and Orlando West experience,  we return to Orlando East, we use the local foot path where we cross the opens spaces at the Kliprivier, cross the Railway Bridge, and pass through the Station Market Place. 1 km.

The station market place in vibrant.

On this lap, we will pass shebeens and drinking spots, where you will be able to enjoy a beer, and many visitors will buy a beer  at the Station Bottle Store, and enjoy while walking through the market place.

Summary;

Feel free to take my cell number, 082 565 2520, text me if you have any issue at any stage during the day:

Soweto and the people are my passion.

Cedric

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Soweto Tour

Soweto Tour, Grand mother introducing new grand child.

SOWETO TOUR by Taste of Africa,
The No Zoo-Like Tour,  or rather a guided visit.

Soweto Tour by Taste of Africa, we offer a no zoo-like tour, we would rather have our guide disappoint you, through what you may believe is their lack of knowledge, regarding what you may have read on the internet, than restrict his, or her, expression, of how they see South Africa and our history, while allowing others in the community to interact with you.

This blog is aimed at giving the visitor an opportunity to understand the areas that we will cover during the visit, allowing less wasted time, by needing to listen to the information while experiencing the magic.

Soweto Tour
Soweto Tour

Following our successful introduction to the Soweto Walking Tour, from today, we only offer the one option, but rest assured, for those who still require the local taxi transport to assist, your guide will be very aware of your needs, and ensure you are comfortable.

Please follow this link to the Soweto Walking Tour:

Cedric and Nettie de la Harpe

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The 1924 civilised labour policy

Consider the Verdict

The 1924 civilised labour policy, in theory giving preference to the white, was aimed at ‘not requiring’ the local blacks within the mining, railway, and municipality ‘imported migrant labour pool’.

“The 1924 ‘civilised labour policy’, coincided with the government talking nationalising businesses, giving preferences to white employment, while at the same time restricting these poor whites progress through the same policy. Through till the 1930s large numbers of poor whites were employed by government, increasing their ratio from 45 to 64 percent of the working force.”

“By 1940, the mining industry reached a new high, employing three hundred and sixty-thousand labourers, with South Africa Eastern Cape, the Mfengu / Thembu base, providing their complement with one hundred and twenty-thousand; only thirty percent of the total labour complement.”

“The mining industry, other than having made many people extremely rich through controlling the cost of labour, did this country the greatest disservice, by employing more than fifty-four percent of foreign nationals in their labour force historically. This has drained money out of our country, while giving skills to other groups, non-South African peoples, all in the interest of making higher profits.”

“The recruitment agents were linked to authorities in the other countries that had the power to instruct the labour to go and work on the mines; they were sorted, contracted and sent to the mines. The authority was compensated for the labour provided, but only when they received the labourer back at the end of the contract period.”

“The South African labour force only comes from the Eastern Cape. This area was defeated by the English, in conjunction with their allies the Mfengu group, off which colonial leadership structures were put in place, those who were Christian and civilised were educated and favourably considered for employment, and, off this basis, the recruitment took place for the mines and municipalities, the educated and the leaders, influencing the ‘recruitment’ for the system.

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Consider the Verdict

Soweto Walking Tour

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1903 Apartheid installed thanks to the mining industry

Consider the Verdict

1903 Apartheid installed thanks to the mining industry, following the Anglo-Boer War, the English used many ‘unemployed’ military personnel to install structures of registration of the African Male in the old Transvaal and OFS.

“Then, in 1911, a Labour Act was passed to make it impossible for the blacks, who were considered uncivilised, to do certain work on the mines. Much of this was the joint work of landowners, the mines and industry, manipulating the available labour.”

“Labour recruitment became part of a joint mining and government initiative, as they struggled to establish a system where wages of the labourer was kept to a minimum. By 1903 pass offices existed in all major mining towns with four in Johannesburg. Finger printing was started in Johannesburg and spread to all offices. In 1908, a new office in Driehoek was opened, and all migrants were processed there. When the workers arrived by train from Mozambique, Lesotho, and the Eastern Cape, they were shepherded there, driven in like cattle. Here a ‘senior white official’ through a translator would ask if the worker accepted the terms of the contract, the official’s signature was used as confirmation should there be any dispute later.”

“Sirs, some of you will know, in 1921 two thousand whites were to be retrenched, following the economy down-turn after the world war. The whites believed that they were going to be replaced by blacks, so they protested, causing a war in Johannesburg, where seven thousand government troops reclaimed Johannesburg, and two hundred and fifty died. At this stage the English had no sympathy for the Afrikaner; the leaders of the strike were hanged, with hardly a trial. Strangely these poor whites were very socialist, yet linked to the capitalist by the colour of their skin. In 1924 the Smuts government was removed, mainly by the white unionists who blamed him for being a tool of the big business.”

“Despite all the rhetoric of what the intentions were, on the side the government admitted its intention to ‘counteract the force of economic advantages at present enjoyed by the ‘civilised’ native. Ever since the early 1900s, the manipulation of Land, the usage of Labour on the mines, was driven by the removal of the development being achieved by what they called the ‘civilised native’.”

“The ‘civilised native that was invading the ‘white economy’.”

Consider the Verdict

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Gold Mining Industry we reflect on Labour abuses

Consider the Verdict

Gold Mining Industry we reflect on Labour abuses, and what Kaalvoet considers as motivation to manipulate governments to legislate, and to control the ‘uncivilised’ African masses.

Mine:

“Members of the Jury, we have heard that twenty-five percent of our black population farmed in 1913, productive, sustainable. The defence says that is crazy.”

“Today we tell you the mining industry used fifty-four percent foreign nationals in their total labour force, just to extract the greatest profits from our minerals. The defence will say that is crazy.”

“During the period from 1909, the new Union of South Africa structures, decide to dispense with the Chinese indentured labourers. To avoid any conflict in the labour market, the mining industry and the government, appoint a government labour recruitment agency, the GNLB as the South African Government Native Labour Broker, for all South African labourers to the mine. By the end of 1910 the total number of Cape workers on the gold mines was approaching one hundred thousand, and the operations of the GNLB had expanded into the heart of the Transkei administration, establishing ten offices in the largest towns of the Transkei after 1908.”

“Historically, through till today, this is the local labour supply, established around the emancipation of the Mfengu.

“They used the Mozambican ‘slave labour’ supply as the vehicle to suppress cost of labour from other areas, bringing Lesotho, a British Protectorate into the loop. Lesotho was a highly productive farming community, till their labour controllers changed them into a cheap labour supply. By 1903, the mining industry employed forty-five thousand labourers, and only fifteen thousand from the Eastern Cape, the rest from Mozambique.

South Africa percentage labour of the total labour force:  33,33%

By 1910, the labour force had reached one hundred and eighty-thousand, of which South Africa provided only forty-thousand, mainly from the Transkei.”

South Africa percentage labour of the total labour force:  22,22%

Gold Mining Industry we reflect on Labour abuses

Kaalvoet Comment:

Until 1902, the Gold Mining Industry used predominantly labour supplied from Mozambique.

I refer you to an earlier post on the Labour Supply, Part 1, please follow into Part 2&3, where we discuss the Coloniser, through the influence of the Gold Mining Industry, to keep wages suppressed.

Consider the Verdict

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Land Dispossession jury please Consider the Verdict

Consider the Verdict

Land Dispossession jury please Consider the Verdict, 

Kaalvoet Comment:

Dispossession:  The Action of depriving someone on land, property, or other possessions.

Few South African elite, seem to understand the concept of dispossession, we talk about who was in South Africa first, as the rightful owners of the land. Conveniently divide the black groups into Koi, Khoisan, and other blacks, attributing the original occupancy to the Koi and Khoisan, and claim that other blacks came from the North.

We ignore the fact that the Dutch, arrived as the Dutch East Indies Company, a chartered Dutch Company, and that the Netherlands never officially attached South Africa, the English East Indies Company overpowered the Dutch East Indies Company, and took control of their possessions.

What did the Dutch, and what did the English annexe by 1835, and had they in nearly 200 years, achieve fair dispossession of the entire South Africa, and was this dispossession, in the name of every white that would settle in South Africa?

The Portuguese, Italians, Germans, French, Swiss, many of these communities, will be heard to support that the Koisan comment on who beat the white to their possession.

By 1900, in the ‘colonised Africa’ the old Free State and Transvaal, were ZAR Republics, officially in the hands of the Boer.

In the comment below, a quote from the Library of US Congress, by the time the white arrived in the Eastern Frontier, the Nguni densely occupied the Eastern Cape.

The Kaalvoet Comment reflects that none of the ‘control’ structures, by the various Country powers, has any relevance to where our black people were fairly dispossessed, our black people were dispossessed through the 1913 Native Land Act, they should have had the same rights as the white foreigners, the Portuguese, Italians, Germans, French, Swiss, and other groups, to purchase and possess land.

Land Dispossession took place through until the 1990s, and all whites benefitted from this Land Dispossession, if it were not for this land dispossession, as a result of the 1913 Native Land Act, today Rosebank and Sandton, would have been owned by black people, off the Alexandra residential  development, and the Sandton and Rosebank areas, would be Alexandra Extensions 10 to 25.

Let us not say it happened 100 years ago, 200 years ago, 300 years ago, and there is nothing that can be done.

It happened 30 years ago, and there is something that should be done.

Walk the streets of the Townships, talk to the people, and we will find solutions.

Kaalvoet de la Harpe

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Consider the Verdict

Soweto Walking Tour

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From the U.S. Library of Congress:

The British adopted contradictory policies in ruling their newly acquired Cape Colony in the first three decades of the nineteenth century. Having seized the Cape from the VOC in 1795, the British returned the colony to the Dutch government in 1803 when peace had been concluded with the French. In 1806, however, with the beginning of the Napoleonic Wars, the British again took the Cape in order to protect the sea route to their Asian empire. Like the VOC before them, the British tried to keep the costs low and the settlement small. Local officials continued the policy of relying on imported slave labor rather than encouraging European immigration with the latter’s implication of permanent and expanding settlement. They also introduced racially discriminatory legislation to force Khoikhoi and other so-called “free” blacks to work for as little as possible. The Hottentot Code of 1809 required that all Khoikhoi and other free blacks carry passes stating where they lived and who their employers were. Persons without such passes could be forced into employment by white masters.

The British attempted to alleviate the land problems of Boers in the eastern Cape by sending imperial armies against the Xhosa of the Zuurveld (literally, “sour grassland,” the southernmost area of Bantu-speaking settlement, located between the Sundays River and the Great Fish River). They attacked the Xhosa from 1799 to 1803, from 1811 to 1812, and again from 1818 to 1819, when at last, through ruthless warfare, they succeeded in expelling the Africans into the area north of the Great Fish River. Thereafter, the British sought to create a fixed frontier by settling 5,000 British-assisted immigrants on smallholder farms created out of land seized from the Xhosa south of the Great Fish River and by clearing all lands between the Great Fish River and the Keiskama River of all forms of African settlement.

But other policies and developments worked against these measures. In 1807 Parliament in London ordered an end to British participation in the slave trade everywhere in the world. This decision threatened the basis of the Cape’s labor supply, for farmers in the eastern areas as well as in the west.

British missionaries, who were active in South Africa for the first time in the 1810s and who had a sympathetic audience in Britain, condemned the cruel labor practices often adopted by Trekboers against their slave and Khoikhoi workers and decried the discriminatory provisions of the Hottentot Code. Although British officials did not rescind the legislation, they did respond to this criticism by establishing a circuit court to monitor conditions in the western Cape. This court offended many Boer sensibilities by giving equal weight to the evidence of “servants” and “masters,” black and white alike. The British also raised a force of colonial police, including Khoikhoi regulars, to enforce the court’s authority. In 1815 a Dutch-speaking Afrikaner farmer who refused to answer a court summons for mistreating a Khoikhoi employee was shot dead while resisting arrest. Relatives and neighbors rose in what became known as the Slachter’s Nek Rebellion, but their resistance was soon crushed, and the British hanged five of the rebels.

British policies on the eastern frontier also engendered growing Boer hostility. The attempt to close the frontier in 1819-20 following the defeat of the Xhosa and the importation of British immigrants only exacerbated land shortages. British settlers found that they could not make a living from small farms, and they competed with the Dutch pastoralists for the limited arable land available, thereby intensifying Boer-British tensions.

The British government, acting largely at the behest of the missionaries and their supporters in Britain in the 1820s, abolished the Hottentot Code. Ordinance 50 of 1828 stated that no Khoikhoi or free black had to carry a pass or could be forced to enter a labor contract. Five years later, the British Parliament decreed that slavery would no longer be permitted in any part of the empire. After a four-year period of “apprenticeship,” all slaves would become free persons, able, because of Ordinance 50, to sell their labor for whatever the market would bear. Moreover, slaveowners were to receive no more than one-third of the value of their slaves in official compensation for the loss of this property. The Boers felt further threatened when, in 1834 and 1835, British forces, attempting to put a final stop to Boer-Xhosa frontier conflict, swept across the Keiskama River into Xhosa territory and annexed all the land up to the Keiskama River for white settlement. In 1836, however, the British government, partly in response to missionary criticism of the invasion, returned the newly annexed lands to the Xhosa and sought a peace treaty with their chiefs.

 

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Animal before human lets think human before animal

Consider the Verdict

Animal before human lets think human before animal, today the Save the Rhino campaigns, is supported by every person, let us give some of our Save the Rhino empathy, to the blacks, dispossessed on the land, and to other groups today, who are suffering from the crime in our country.

Consider the Verdict:

“Sirs, as we look at Sol Plaatje’s comments in his submission to the Crown, he comments on the conservation of wild animals, something so close to all our hearts, and as ardent supporter of our National Parks, I ask myself how we could have set aside 2,292,167 morgen for the Kruger National Park, and not care whether the black populations’ livestock starved, and in turn, whether we intended taking the conservation of the black development out of the spectrum of the ‘white world’?

“In 1913 the black population of 4,000,000 souls, were only allocated eight times the land that the Kruger National Park was allocated since 1926. Since then, we have extended the Nature Reserve areas. In order to maintain the balance in the Nature Reserves, we have needed to cull animals regularly.”

“Sirs, we have not extended the land available to our black population that in now ten times greater than one hundred years back.”

“Sirs, do we have a secret formula for maintaining the balance between the black population and their available land? Or, have we just relied on the tenacity and survival ability of our black population?”

“Was it natural that their cattle should be subjected to the starvation process, while the grassy tracts of their God-given territories are mainly untenanted and preserved as breeding grounds for venomous snakes and scorpions?”

“Sirs, the Commission forced them to give up their agrarian occupation, by Acts of Parliament, driven by the profitable industries of our country.”

“Today we will hear claims that the land was dispossessed through fair power invasion, and a little negotiation with Chief Shaka, and many of us believe that. Black and white. Yet peace can only be achieved if land dispossession through conflict allows for the conquered to participate fully in the ‘new world’, failing this, the conqueror will need to maintain control over the conquered, in such a manner that they are unable to rise.”

“This leaves us in great conflict, as we all quote historical dispossession, we ask this forum to give consideration to matters that are hidden by this conflict, over whether it was Jan van Riebeek, or another who stole the land. Let us assume that all the land was annexed, stolen, by the various governments, that did not have the majority support, till 1994. But now our land rests in the hands of a majority government. Those who dispossessed the control of the land from the majority, and how they did it, is no longer important.”

“What is important, is how those ‘non democratic’ governments, excluded certain groups from owning land, buying land, renting land, and participating in the white economy?”

“The fair dispossession is not a defence.”

“The economic segregation is the crime that we are presenting.”

*******

Consider the Verdict

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