After #AngloBoerWar bywooner existence

Consider the Verdict

After #AngloBoerWar bywooner existence, In Consider the Verdict, I have been quoting from -The Emergence of Ethnicity Among the Tsonga-Speakers of South Africa -Patrick Harries, and before I continue, I need Kaalvoet to comment on what is taking place in 1930.

Kaalvoet Comment;

Here I introduce the concept of the Anglicised Afrikaner, and what we will eventually identify as the Anglicised Africanist, those who move into the “Queen’s Court’, to administer the Colony and protect the wealth.

Although it is only 1930, the Afrikaner, National Party, in coalition with the Labour Party,  (Arbeidersparty) was governing the country.

The Arbeidersparty was formed in 1910, the party received support mostly from urban white workers and for most of its existence sought to protect them from competition from black and other non-white workers.

In 1930, as the world depression takes root, the government moves to intervene on the growing poor white problem?

We first look at the government’s attitude, represented by the wealthier Afrikaner and the Arbeidersparty, quoted from the extract below:

*The destruction of northern Transvaal farms by the British during the Anglo-Boer War had pushed increasing numbers of already poor Afrikaans farmers into a marginal existence. In many instances landowners found it more profitable to enter into tenancy relationships with Africans rather than politically more powerful Afrikaner peasants or bywoners. Although large numbers of whites lived in conditions of extreme poverty in the northern Transvaal, they received little sympathy from the government and, considered ‘indolent, lazy and indigent’, were treated as a social rather than an economic problem. 

Kaalvoet will make a comment on the following quote, as we reach 1936, suffice to say that, the Government will during the next few years, be manipulated by the wealth of the world, to remove the blacks from the land, and develop those the considered ‘indolent, lazy, and indigent’ into the powerful Afrikaner Farmers, Boers, that they are today.

But the growth of this African petty bourgeoisie was abruptly truncated in the 1930s as the government intervened in the northern Transvaal to halt the growing poor white problem.

We return to Consider the Verdict and the Erosion of the African

*In evidence given to the Natives Economic Commission of that year, (1930) it was stated that in the northern Transvaal over the previous forty years, ‘. . . [African] marketed produce has increased. This increase is considerably greater than the increase in population. According to another witness, ‘You will find to-day that [the Africans] have raised tens of thousands of bags of Kaffir corn purely for market purposes and the greater portion of that money which they get for their corn is to pay for land and to buy land. But the growth of this African petty bourgeoisie was abruptly truncated in the 1930s as the government intervened in the northern Transvaal to halt the growing poor white problem.

*The destruction of northern Transvaal farms by the British during the Anglo-Boer War had pushed increasing numbers of already poor Afrikaans farmers into a marginal existence. In many instances landowners found it more profitable to enter into tenancy relationships with Africans rather than politically more powerful Afrikaner peasants or bywoners. Although large numbers of whites lived in conditions of extreme poverty in the northern Transvaal, they received little sympathy from the government and, considered ‘indolent, lazy and indigent’, were treated as a social rather than an economic problem.

*The government did however make available a large number of small farms on long lease and with the option of easy purchase in the poorly watered northern districts. But this merely compounded the problem, for by the early 1930s these uneconomic cattle farms had become desperately overgrazed and were occupied by large numbers of settlers subsisting largely on game and maize meal.

Consider the Verdict

Soweto Tour

Home

'If you liked this post, say thanks by sharing it:'

#Initiation must stay and be respected

#Initiation must stay and be respected, this call, supported by the video to the right, is a call to those Western Influenced people, who call for #InitiationMustFall.

INITIATION, essential, any call for #InitiationMustFall is condemned. 

African culture for cultivation of child, from child to adult, part of the Initiation process, the preparation part, the essential part, and Initiation must never fall, it must stay and be respected.

As a white exposed to the initiation process, or rather, the many successes of black adults who have been through the initiation process, I have been to advocate that young whites should be processed through the African culture of ‘child to adult’ development.

A recent call for #InitiationMustFall, caused me to cringe, this call is typical of the Western Culture attack on African Culture and that Culture is archaic, cruel, abusive, and should be changed.

All these calls exclude the all embracing aspects, of part of the condemned culture.

For years I have listened to my black friends describe the process that the entire extended family, participate in, as the cultivate a child, from very young, to adulthood.

Nettie and I are exposed to many rural communities, and we are very aware of the numerous children that are involved in daily chores, and yet, there a numerous children that do not participate.

Then, during a visit to our Zulu Village in 2016, while casually chatting to an elder, we are attracted to a young child, four or five years-old, chasing the goats around the yard.

My first reaction is to suggest to the elder that he should stop him, he continues watching him, and as we relax, we become aware of a slightly older brother, maybe eight years-old, watching, seemingly intent on getting involved in the mischief.

Only when the elder child moves into a position and changes direction of the goats, do we become aware that they are herding the goats.

I use my cell phone to take a few pictures, and watch how the eight year-old allows the four year-old to chase the goats on his own, only getting involved when his assistance was needed.

Then, to our surprise, as the goats are moving into the goat-pen, the eight year-old stands far back, the four year-old continues moving them slowly forward, and then, an older brother, not seen before, moves closer to assist the child, and when complete, he helps to close the gate of the goat-pen.

Not sure what was said between them, but the child walks proudly, a slight smile when he passes us.

These children, even if they are not necessarily scheduled to go to the mountain, would graduate, if ever the decision was made to send them to the mountain.

Any call for #InitiationMustFall, will negatively impact on the traditional cultivation of our children.

Cedric de la Harpe

Soweto Tour

Home

'If you liked this post, say thanks by sharing it:'

Who were wealthy white farmers in Transvaal post Anglo-Boer War

Consider the Verdict

Who were wealthy white farmers in Transvaal post Anglo-Boer War?

*Following the Anglo-Boer War, demands for the implementation of anti-squatter laws increased as the price of land soared and as the labour needs of wealthy white farmers rose with their transition from stock to arable farming. These farmers were opposed to the existence of government reserves which provided Africans with valuable farm land and which pushed up the cost of farm labour by providing Africans with an independent means of existence. At best, government and private reserves were viewed by white farmers as labour pools for mining capitalists.

*But the British administration in the Transvaal, in its support for mining capital, extended the reserves and made little attempt to evict ‘squatters’ who paid taxes and rents and who sold a considerable amount of both food and labour to the mines. By 1906 in the Spelonken alone there were over 40, 000 Africans living on land that was owned but not occupied by whites.

*In 1908 the first post-war Responsible Government, which represented wealthy farming interests, moved a year after its election to force African peasants into relationships of labour tenancy on white-occupied farms. A bill was tabled in the legislative assembly with the express purpose of removing up to 300,000 squatters throughout the Transvaal. According to the founder of the Swiss mission in the Spelonken this was ‘the most tyrannical law that has ever existed in a Republican [sic ] country, a law that would dismember tribes and clans and disperse thousands of families’.

Kaalvoet Comment:

The wealthy white farmer in the Transvaal after the Anglo-Boer War, were those wealthy families who bought large tracts of land after the discovery of gold, to secure our mineral rights.

As per the pervious blog;

*Absentee landlords, often mining companies prospecting for minerals, were only too willing to encourage the settlement on their lands of Africans who would undertake bush clearance and pay them rent and grazing fees. Many Africans preferred to live on land owned by the state or absentee landlords, where taxes were lower than in the reserves where, if they paid rent, it was in cash rather than labour and where existing forms of social control and production could be maintained. 

Where black farmers were successful, they were welcome to farm on white land, provided they paid their 50% crop share, those who were not farming commercially, were deemed to be squatters, and  the 300 000 removed from the land owned by the wealthy whites.

And this was prior to the 1913 Native Land Act.

Consider the Verdict

Soweto Tour

Home

'If you liked this post, say thanks by sharing it:'

Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park

Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park

Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park, Taste of Africa celebrates ten years of successful contribution to homestay;

Your link to the menu page:

Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park, living at home with a local family, is possible, in most parts of where you would like to travel, to experience, the magic of Africa.

Sorry, it is possible to enjoy this with the elite, in the suburbs, but not as easily achieved.

Taste of Africa, has provided shack accommodation in Soweto from late 2004, and Homestay would be no different.

Nettie and I embarked on this proves on December 26, 2005, starting in the Matiyani Village, where we have our home today, 

Homestay Africa; Matiyani, Cedric & Netties new home,
Homestay Africa,Matiyani, Cedric & Netties new home,

and keeping close to the Kruger National Park, we ended up in St Lucia, where we met Marrah.

On February 21, 2006, a Swiss couple, spent three nights with us in our shack, having not booked their next holiday stop, I was able to sell the Zulu Village, homestay opportunity with Marrah.

They departed on the City to City bus, and Marrah arranged to have them collected in Richards Bay.

Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park:

Today, we celebrate ten years of Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park, without needing to hide behind the high security fences, we have never had any security issue.  

Homestay Africs, our first guests that we hosted in a KZN Village, 24 February 2006
Homestay Africa, our first guests that we hosted in a KZN Village, 24 February 2006 

YOUR HOME-STAY AFRICA SOWETO TO KRUGER PARK, –   INTRODUCTION:

Your most important part of the visit is the introduction.

In African Culture introductions include where you are from, who your parents are, your children and all other relevant aspects.

Often the lengthy introduction builds the relationship through common interests or family structures.

Homestay Africa, mainly double beds
Homestay Africa, mainly double beds
And in the more rural villages, single foam mattresses.

Kitchens can be modern;

24 hours in Soweto, a typical kitchen
24 hours in Soweto, a typical kitchen

Or, in the more rural villages, ‘cooking down’ by the fire:

Homestay Africa, cooking down in many rural villages
Homestay Africa, cooking down in many rural villages

Most important NOTICE:

Soweto generally has pretty good facilities, however, they will be shared by you and the family.

In the Villages the accommodation is more traditional.

You room may be in the house, or one of the outside rooms. The toilet / bathroom facility may be inside or outside. 

In the Village your toilet will more than likely be the ‘pit toilet’;

Homestay Africa, the pit-toilet
Homestay Africa, the pit-toilet

Talk to the hosts about how you access them.

The rooms all have double beds, and the hostess is paid R 200 for the room for the night. If you do not wish to share the double bed, we will provide the room as a single, at an additional R 100. 

Washing / bathing in Soweto takes place may in the traditional bath, or, in other areas by using the plastic bath / dish. 

See where the water comes from and whether you can assist in collecting the water.

We make every effort to accommodate you on a rotational basis, however, if you wish to ensure that you do get one of the more comfortable homes, please let us know, at and additional R 100 per person, which will go into a community kitty for all the mothers, we will allow you the choice for a ‘better’ room.

Where we are hosting groups, the group leader must distribute the group according to their understanding of the group, any special requirements, let us know in advance. Should you be in the position to provide us with the names of those who wish to share, 2 pax and 4 pax, we will allocate hostess in advance, reducing your settling time drastically.

Nettie and I have great fun when bathing in the Village
Nettie and I have great fun when bathing in the Village MEALS:

HOMESTAY AFRICA SOWETO TO KRUGER PARK  –  MEALS

Our arrangement is that the host cooks their normal planned meal and just adds to the pot to cater for you.

If you have any diet restrictions please tell the hostess.

The family often does not have the same daily clock that you have, so if hungry at night, do not be afraid to talk, and please make sure they know what time you want your breakfast, coffee or bath.

For groups we will arrange a meal at a local shebeen, or one of the mothers who can cater, with music and magic.

In order to give the visitor the magic vibe, the night includes the provision for the hostesses to join you for the meal. 

Any refreshments that the hostesses may have access to, is not included. 

Beer is freely available at community ‘shebeens’, and should the group wish Taste of Africa to source wine for the group, please order in advance.

Homestay Africa, possible breakfast
Homestay Africa, possible breakfast

Homestay Africa Soweto to Kruger Park, the magic of Africa

Return to home:

'If you liked this post, say thanks by sharing it:'