After #AngloBoerWar bywooner existence

After #AngloBoerWar bywooner existence, In Consider the Verdict, I have been quoting from -The Emergence of Ethnicity Among the Tsonga-Speakers of South Africa -Patrick Harries, and before I continue, I need Kaalvoet to comment on what is taking place in 1930.

Kaalvoet Comment;

Here I introduce the concept of the Anglicised Afrikaner, and what we will eventually identify as the Anglicised Africanist, those who move into the “Queen’s Court’, to administer the Colony and protect the wealth.

Although it is only 1930, the Afrikaner, National Party, in coalition with the Labour Party,  (Arbeidersparty) was governing the country.

The Arbeidersparty was formed in 1910, the party received support mostly from urban white workers and for most of its existence sought to protect them from competition from black and other non-white workers.

In 1930, as the world depression takes root, the government moves to intervene on the growing poor white problem?

We first look at the government’s attitude, represented by the wealthier Afrikaner and the Arbeidersparty, quoted from the extract below:

*The destruction of northern Transvaal farms by the British during the Anglo-Boer War had pushed increasing numbers of already poor Afrikaans farmers into a marginal existence. In many instances landowners found it more profitable to enter into tenancy relationships with Africans rather than politically more powerful Afrikaner peasants or bywoners. Although large numbers of whites lived in conditions of extreme poverty in the northern Transvaal, they received little sympathy from the government and, considered ‘indolent, lazy and indigent’, were treated as a social rather than an economic problem. 

Kaalvoet will make a comment on the following quote, as we reach 1936, suffice to say that, the Government will during the next few years, be manipulated by the wealth of the world, to remove the blacks from the land, and develop those the considered ‘indolent, lazy, and indigent’ into the powerful Afrikaner Farmers, Boers, that they are today.

But the growth of this African petty bourgeoisie was abruptly truncated in the 1930s as the government intervened in the northern Transvaal to halt the growing poor white problem.

We return to Consider the Verdict and the Erosion of the African

*In evidence given to the Natives Economic Commission of that year, (1930) it was stated that in the northern Transvaal over the previous forty years, ‘. . . [African] marketed produce has increased. This increase is considerably greater than the increase in population. According to another witness, ‘You will find to-day that [the Africans] have raised tens of thousands of bags of Kaffir corn purely for market purposes and the greater portion of that money which they get for their corn is to pay for land and to buy land. But the growth of this African petty bourgeoisie was abruptly truncated in the 1930s as the government intervened in the northern Transvaal to halt the growing poor white problem.

*The destruction of northern Transvaal farms by the British during the Anglo-Boer War had pushed increasing numbers of already poor Afrikaans farmers into a marginal existence. In many instances landowners found it more profitable to enter into tenancy relationships with Africans rather than politically more powerful Afrikaner peasants or bywoners. Although large numbers of whites lived in conditions of extreme poverty in the northern Transvaal, they received little sympathy from the government and, considered ‘indolent, lazy and indigent’, were treated as a social rather than an economic problem.

*The government did however make available a large number of small farms on long lease and with the option of easy purchase in the poorly watered northern districts. But this merely compounded the problem, for by the early 1930s these uneconomic cattle farms had become desperately overgrazed and were occupied by large numbers of settlers subsisting largely on game and maize meal.

Consider the Verdict

Soweto Tour

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