1913 Native Land Act the black farmers status

1913 Native Land Act the black farmers status

“During the period 1910 to 1913 the blacks purchased 78 farms, 300 000 ha. and paid 95 000 pounds, triggering another threat of the economic invasion of the white economy, triggering the 1913 Native Land Act.”

“Sirs, thanks to Sol Plaatje writings, extracts submitted in Die Kis, I quote a few comments made during the debate on the motion for the second reading of the 1913 Native Land Bill.”

But if we are to understand what is proposed, we would have to consider the position in the sub-continent under different heads: 

I.  Urban Areas, inhabited by 660,000 whites and 800,000 blacks:
 3,703,935 acres

II. The remaining 298,961,303 acres which the Commission would divide as follows: —

NATIVE AREAS, for the Bantu and such other coloured races as are classed along with them numbering just about 4,000,000 SOULS:
38,626,858 acres or 18,246,451 morgen (SA).

EUROPEAN AREAS, or nearly the whole of Rural South Africa, for the occupation of 660,000 RURAL WHITES (mainly Boers):
260,334,444 acres

“My research surprised me when I discovered that 1,200,000 blacks were living and farming on what we consider ‘white farms’ today. This is twenty-five percent of the black population, and at this stage we only had 1,200,000 whites, 600,000 Afrikaans, 600,000 English and other.”

“By 1913, twenty-five percent of the Afrikaans population were in the urban areas.”

“At this stage the black farmer was earning 100 to 500 pounds per annum, after paying their rent, a few years earlier you could buy a stand in Eloff Street at 5 pounds.”

“The black farmers were the main provider of maize in the country, the Afrikaans farmer considering this crop to be a ‘Kaffir Crop’.”

“After the Frontier War, and the establishment of Transkei, there were 450,000 blacks in the Transkei, and 1,000,000 still in the Eastern Province.”

“In 1913, 300,000 blacks farmed in the Northern Transvaal.”

“In 1913 300,000 blacks farmed in Natal.”

“In 1913, 2.5% of the Orange Free State was under maize, mainly farmed by black share-crop farmers.”

“Members of the Jury, the complainants invite you to read the Sol Plaatje writings, they believe he reflects the circumstances accurately, his reflections are confirmed by other publications, but they will be prepared to entertain other research that counters this evidence, when you have your opportunity.”

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